ABU AL-QASIM AL-ZAHRAWI
- Best known for his
early and original breakthroughs in surgery as well as for his famous
Medical Ecyclopaedia called Al-Tasrif, composed of thirty volumes
covering different aspects of medical science.
- The more important part
of this series comprises three books on surgery, which describe in detail
various aspects of surgical treatment as based on the operations performed
by him, including cauterization, removal of stone from the bladder,
dissection of animals, midwifery, stypics, and surgery of eye, ear and
throat. He perfected several delicate operations, including removal of the
dead foetus and amputation.
ABU MARWAN IBN ZUHR
- Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik
- Born at Seville in
1091/c. 1094 C.E.
- After completing his
education and specializing in medicine, he entered the service of
Almoravides (Al-Murabatun), but after their defeat by the Al-Mohades (Al-Muwahadun),
he served under 'Abd al-Mu'min, the first Muwahid ruler.
- He died in Seville in
1161/c. 1162 C.E. As confirmed by George Sarton, he was not a Jew, but an
- Kitab al-Taisir
fi al-Mudawat wa al-Tadbir (Book of Simplification concerning
Therapeutics and Diet), written at the request of
Ibn Rushd (Averroes),
is the most important work of Ibn Zuhr.
- His Kitab al-Iqtisad
fi Islah al-Anfus wa al-Ajsad (Book of the Middle Course concerning
the Reformation of Souls and the Bodies) gives a summary of diseases,
therapeutics and hygiene written specially for the benefit of the layman.
Its initial part is a valuable discourse on psychology. Kitab al-Aghthiya
(Book on Foodstuffs) describes different types of food and drugs and their
effects on health.
- Ibn Zuhr in his works
lays stress on observation and experiment and his contribution greatly
influenced the medical science for several centuries both in the East and
the West. His books were translated into Latin and Hebrew and remained
popular in Europe as late as the advent of the 18th century.