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ABU AL-QASIM AL-ZAHRAWI

(936-1013 C.E.)

  • Abul Qasim Khalaf ibn al-Abbas al-Zahrawi (known in the west as Abulcasis)

 

  •  Born in 936 C.E. in Zahra in the neighbourhood of Cordova.

 

  •  Became one of the most renowned surgeons of the Muslim era and  physician to King Al-Hakam-II of Spain.

 

  • After a long medical career, rich with significant original contribution, he died in 1013 C.E.

 

  • Best known for his early and original breakthroughs in surgery as well as for his famous Medical Ecyclopaedia called Al-Tasrif, composed of thirty volumes covering different aspects of medical science.

 

  • The more important part of this series comprises three books on surgery, which describe in detail various aspects of surgical treatment as based on the operations performed by him, including cauterization, removal of stone from the bladder, dissection of animals, midwifery, stypics, and surgery of eye, ear and throat. He perfected several delicate operations, including removal of the dead foetus and amputation.

 

 

ABU MARWAN IBN ZUHR

(1091-1161 C.E.)

  • Abu Marwan Abd al-Malik Ibn Zuhr

 

  • Born at Seville in 1091/c. 1094 C.E.

 

  • After completing his education and specializing in medicine, he entered the service of Almoravides (Al-Murabatun), but after their defeat by the Al-Mohades (Al-Muwahadun), he served under 'Abd al-Mu'min, the first Muwahid ruler.

 

  • He died in Seville in 1161/c. 1162 C.E. As confirmed by George Sarton, he was not a Jew, but an orthodox Muslim.

 

  • Kitab al-Taisir fi al-Mudawat wa al-Tadbir (Book of Simplification concerning Therapeutics and Diet), written at the request of Ibn Rushd (Averroes), is the most important work of Ibn Zuhr.

 

  • His Kitab al-Iqtisad fi Islah al-Anfus wa al-Ajsad (Book of the Middle Course concerning the Reformation of Souls and the Bodies) gives a summary of diseases, therapeutics and hygiene written specially for the benefit of the layman. Its initial part is a valuable discourse on psychology. Kitab al-Aghthiya (Book on Foodstuffs) describes different types of food and drugs and their effects on health.

 

  • Ibn Zuhr in his works lays stress on observation and experiment and his contribution greatly influenced the medical science for several centuries both in the East and the West. His books were translated into Latin and Hebrew and remained popular in Europe as late as the advent of the 18th century.

     

 

 

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